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1. Anatomy & Physiology of Anorectum. The hypothesis of fecal retention, and defecation.

 2. Normal lower urinary tract motility

3. X-ray anatomy of the rectum and colon in children

4. Anorectal refleces

5.The pathogenesis of acute appendicitis is an example of the reaction of thedigestive tract to the focal abdominal inflammation

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